It’s been almost two years since Superstorm Sandy hit New York City and caused unprecedented chaos. 8.5 million people were left without electricity, and 650,000 houses and 100,000 companies were either damaged or destroyed.
Since then, numerous ideas have emerged with a view to making New York more resilient.
On this day in 1945, in an attempt to avert an invasion of the Japanese islands by American troops and to force an end World War 2, US forces dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. It was the first of its kind to be used in warfare, but another bombing followed three days later in Nagasaki.
On August 14, Emperor Hirohito broadcast to the Japanese people the acceptance of unconditional surrender outlined in the Potsdam Declaration. Occupation of the islands began in late August and the formal surrender signing ceremony took place on September 2, officially ending the fighting in the Pacific Theater.
The bomb that was dropped from the American Boeing B-29 Superfortress plane named “Enola Gay” (after the pilot’s mother) is estimated to have killed approximately 150,000 people.
All images courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration, except where noted.
Thomas W. Ferebee, ca.1960. On August 6, 1945 during World War II, Davie County native and Enola Gay bombardier Thomas W. Ferebee released the first atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan contributing to the unconditional surrender by Japan eight days later. Courtesy Davie County Public Library via the North Carolina Digital Heritage Center.
Hiroshima ruins, 1945. Courtesy of Special Collections, Doheny Memorial Library, Libraries, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Enola Gay). Pictured are Mel Ericksen and Enola Gay pilot Col. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr. Courtesy of the Utah State Historical Society via Mountain West Digital Library.